Conceptual provisions on improving the management of innovation development of the agro-industrial complex of Siberia

The article discusses the issues of improving the management system of innovative development of the agro-industrial complex. Special attention is paid to the innovative development of the agro-industrial complex of Siberia. To this end, the analysis of the level of innovative development of Russia and Siberian regions was carried out, the possibilities and directions of increasing the innovative activity of participants in the innovation process in agro-industrial production were evaluated, formulated the conceptual provisions of managerial influence that stimulate and ensure the innovative development of the agro-industrial complex. The main conceptual provisions that can be applied at all levels of government in the Siberian and other regions of the Russian Federation with appropriate adaptation to their specifics include the following. The management system for the innovative development of the agro-industrial complex should be based on a cognitive-systemic approach, taking into account a set of factors and using appropriate elements of the management mechanism. In order to make effective management decisions, it is necessary to develop an information and communication system that provides operational information to management bodies on a set of indicators on existing innovations, accessible to the maximum number of participants in agro-industrial clusters. Priority in innovative development should be given to domestic developments, digitalization of relevant areas and spheres of activity, and raising the level of human capital of all participants in agro-industrial clusters. To activate innovative activity, state, public-private and private-state support is necessary based on the proportions of financial and other assistance to the innovative activity of organizations agro-industrial complex, stimulating participants to innovative, educational and other activities necessary for this, creating small innovative enterprises and collective centers for scaling effective innovative solutions, providing information and consulting services for producers of all forms farming in the agro-industrial complex, including farms and private farms, which in a number of Siberian regions play a significant role in the production of agricultural products. The elaboration of these areas by the relevant management bodies, taking into account the peculiarities of each Siberian region, will allow to activate the innovative activity of commodity producers and other participants in the innovation process interested in the development of the agro-industrial complex.

Development of domestic horticulture based on digitalization

Currently, digital technologies are being introduced into many areas of economic activity. Horticultural enterprises are complex objects, and their digitalization is not an easy process. However, with the successful introduction of digital technologies, these farms achieve high efficiency. The article provides a review of the opinions of various scientists regarding the development of these technologies in horticulture. An analysis of the dynamics of fruit and berry production in the context of regions of the Russian Federation made it possible to identify a significant contribution to the all-Russian production of the North Caucasus and Southern Federal Districts, in which during the period 2010 -2021 there was a significant increase in the gross harvest of fruit and berry plantings, which was facilitated by favourable conditions for these cultures, natural and climatic potential and state support. It has been established that the increase in yields for most fruit and berry crops in the country is due to an increase in the area of intensive gardens growing high-yielding early ripening varieties, for the planting of which government subsidies were allocated. The systematization of the main directions of digitalization of horticulture and the examples of the technical means of domestic production used in this case led to the conclusion that this area is widely developed in the country and the great possibilities of Russian science, the developments of which are successfully introduced into horticultural farms. The main obstacles to the active digitalization of horticultural farms, most scientists consider the prevalence of households in the structure of production with limited resources, the lack of qualified specialists, low purchasing power of consumers, as well as the need to increase state support for both fruit and berry producers and developers of innovative technologies.

Communication of cognitive model tools with digital modeling of the land relations system based on big data and machine learning

One of the main circumstances that necessitated the development of a method for harmonizing tools and mechanisms of fuzzy cognitive models with digital modeling of land relations in the agricultural sector was the inadequate role of institutional economics in the developing world – the fight against narratives is fraught with restraint of inertial development. Against this background, the possibility of convergence of institutional and neoclassical economies in order to ensure economic growth without shocks from possible narratives is substantiated. The common features of the two methodological approaches to the regulation of land relations on the basis of: the theory of fuzzy sets (cognitive modeling); digitalization of land relations with the use of machine learning. The place (fields, space) of their communication and interaction is determined. The structure and content of the method of coordination in terms of initial information, basic tools and results of these two methodological approaches have been developed. A scheme for the functioning and coordination of analysis mechanisms and the results of institutional and digital models has been formed. The author's fuzzy cognitive model for institutional regulation of land relations has been developed. The content, formation and description of the machine learning process for a digital land valuation model is substantiated. The mechanisms of interaction and exchange of initial information and results of two different types of models are revealed. The possibility of using the created models as a platform and connecting to them the data of the distributed register of agricultural land using the "Blockchain" technology for institutional and parametric regulation of land relations against the background of the land valuation process is substantiated

Transformation of the organizational and economic mechanism of economic activity in the product subcomplexes of the Agroindustrial Complex of the North Caucasus Federal District

The organizational and economic mechanism is the basis for the functioning of the production chain with food subcomplexes of the agro-industrial complex and has its own specifics. With the development of digitalization, which is actively advancing in all areas of agroeconomics, the organizational and economic mechanism of the agro-industrial complex is also undergoing changes. Transformation based on digitalization of production and other economic processes is an inevitable way of development and improvement of the organizational and economic mechanism, as it is directly related to the change of all relationships, and is the reason for the transition to a different qualitative state. The article examines the difference between digitalization and digital transformation in agroeconomics, examines the changes occurring in various parts of the organizational and economic mechanism under the influence of digitalization processes. The work uses methods of generalization, logical and comparative analysis, empirical and logical scientific approaches to the study of the set goal. The research is based on scientific and analytical works of domestic scientists, specialists, materials of various analytical publications, online content. The study identifies the processes that need to be leveled and that hinder the introduction of digital technologies of the agroindustrial complex today, suggests directions in the field of state regulation, which, by comprehensively affecting all links of the organizational and economic mechanism of the agricultural enterprises of the agricultural subcomplex of the NCFD agroindustrial complex, will lead to qualitative changes not only in the production sector, but also at all levels of management, thereby increasing the efficiency of enterprises.

Mechanism of formation of export-oriented agro-industrial associations of cluster type in the region

In the current conditions of the new sanctions reality, the problem of the transfer of Russian enterprises and regions to the innovative stage of development has become relevant, which makes it necessary to focus strategic management on the intensification of intraregional interaction mechanisms in order to increase their investment attractiveness. Clusters can act as such a form of interaction. Today, active clustering processes are already being observed in the agro-industrial complex, however, of the many registered cluster projects, only a few are being implemented in practice. The key barriers to the widespread distribution of clusters are: methodological shortcomings, irrational separation of powers at the public and private levels, imperfection of the regulatory framework, lack of a single mechanism for regional integration processes based on clustering. The purpose of the work was to propose mechanisms for creating export-oriented cluster-type associations. The authors used monographic, abstract-logical and computational-constructive methods. As a result of the conducted research, the basic elements of organizational and economic mechanisms for the formation of an export-oriented cluster in the region were identified and structured on the platform of identified agricultural, processing and marketing enterprises with high export potential (participants of the protocluster), corporate programs of international competitiveness developed to ensure financing of export projects (insurance, banking services, export credits) by including in the institutional environment of the cluster servicing satellites (supplying organizations of educational, financial, credit and insurance spheres), coordinating structure (specialized organization of the cluster - the Center for Cluster Development). The paper also proposes a mechanism for strategic and operational management in agro-industrial cluster associations. The application of the developed mechanisms for creating cluster-type structures will ensure convergence of the interests of participating enterprises, harmonization of their production and commercial interactions, optimization of costs and commodity circulation processes, which, in turn, will lead to a significant reduction in the cost of production.

On the issue of efficiency of agricultural investment

Ensuring the sustainable development of the country's agri-food system requires a significant increase in investment not only in agriculture, but also in the modernization of the food and processing industries, the development of rural areas, environmental protection and rational use of natural resources. An analysis of investment in the agricultural sector indicates the instability of the dynamics of investments in fixed assets, a decrease in the share of investments in agriculture in the total investments in the country's economy to 3.7%, the food industry - to 1.3%, investments aimed at environmental protection in agriculture - to 0.8%. There is a significant differentiation of the regions of the Russian Federation in terms of investment concentration. The limited volume of investments imposes increased requirements for their effective implementation in the agro-industrial production, while the analysis of the effectiveness of investments should be carried out in a comprehensive manner with the assessment of not only the efficiency of investment in production, but also the assessment of the innovativeness of investments, the impact of investments on the development of rural areas and the preservation of the environment. The need to increase investments in the development of agricultural technologies on an innovative basis by expanding the practice of venture investment and the use of PPP (MPP) mechanisms in the modernization of agro-industrial production, as well as investments aimed at environmental protection in the agricultural sector, and sustainable socio-economic development of the village, taking into account the principles of responsible investment, is substantiated.

Problems and ways to improve the efficiency of income distribution mechanisms from the use of domestic breeding achievements in crop production

The article contains the results of the analysis of the actual provision of Russian agriculture with seeds of domestic selection of the most important agricultural crops. The main legal, organizational and economic problems hindering the implementation of import substitution in the domestic seed market have been identified. The processes of distribution of income and expenses in the creation and use of domestic breeding achievements in crop production are systematized. Recommendations have been developed to improve certain parameters of the mechanism of their distribution among participants in breeding and seed-growing activities. The analysis of domestic and foreign experience of state regulation in the field of creation, registration and use of varieties and hybrids of agricultural crops is carried out. The directions of increasing the efficiency of the mechanism of payment of remuneration to breeders for the use of reproductive seeds in crop production for the purpose of additional financing of investments in the development of the national selection system are substantiated. The analysis of the current practice of using new varieties and hybrids in Russian agriculture is carried out and recommendations for its improvement are proposed. It is established that when improving pricing for breeding achievements in crop production, more attention should be paid to the development of a profitable approach, in which the amount of remuneration to breeders for new varieties and hybrids should be determined taking into account the additional income of agricultural producers from their use. Recommendations in the field of customs regulation and state support of Russian breeding are given. The results obtained in the course of the study are compared with the results of research in a similar subject area published in leading periodicals.

Methodological maintenance of state support for agriculture

The generally recognized successes of Russian agriculture in recent years are largely due to the comprehensive support of the state for social, production, environmental, information and other areas of activity in rural areas. At the same time, the effectiveness of existing directions and forms of government support must be considered through the prism of organic connections and positive changes in all subsystems of rural areas. The objective and obvious interconnection of all forms of life activity is often not taken into account when organizing the budget process in rural areas. Cash flows from various sources are poorly linked to each other in terms of functional purpose and time of allocation, are indirect in nature, and are carried out by many ministries and departments in the absence of a comprehensive methodology for the formation and use of a consolidated budget. In such a situation, the synergistic effect of the allocated funds for the development of territorial entities is reduced, and when assessing its level, many socio-economic indicators are used, often contradicting each other. And if, for the above reasons, between the links of, say, a single chain “demographics, roads, schools, jobs, etc.” critical disproportions arise, then one can only argue about the extent of the decline of villages and villages, from the outflow of labor and work in progress, loss of income, etc. Similar consequences occur in the absence of proper compliance in financing the production of perishable agricultural products and creating a base for their storage and processing. It is necessary to streamline the financial support of multifunctional events by giving special powers to, say, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation. In addition, in the State Program it is important to establish boundary values in the volume of subsidies to achieve each strategic goal, thereby emphasizing the interconnection and priority areas in the use of resources to solve specific problems.

Issue № 11, November 2023, article № 10

Innovative development of the grain complex of Siberia: tasks, conditions, features of the modern stage

The dynamics of innovative processes in agriculture is largely determined by the specifics of the tasks facing the industry at various stages of its development, as well as the external environment in which this industry has to function. These factors influence the choice of types and types of applied innovations, their sources, efficiency and timing of development, which does not exclude the need for rational organization of the innovation activity itself – training, formation of innovation infrastructure, improving the interaction of innovators, etc. The latter is especially important today, when, in the context of increased sanctions, the possibilities of applying catch-up innovations are sharply limited. Now it is necessary to develop original domestic innovative projects of a fundamental nature, using the achievements of genetics, biotechnology, artificial intelligence, which the Federal Scientific and Technical Program for the Development of Agriculture for 2017-2025 and other similar documents are aimed at. In the grain complex, the problem of innovations of a basic nature is also quite acute. However, here the achievements of domestic agricultural science still play a key role in the development of the innovation process. Suffice it to recall that the varieties of our own selection for basic grain crops account for 70-90%, which is significantly higher than for other types of crop production. Taking into account the tasks solved in this article, it is important to say that the main producers of mineral fertilizers and mineral fertilizers do not just sell their products, but also develop recommendations for their use, essentially offering options for innovative technologies that take into account natural and other production features in specific agricultural enterprises. For this purpose, special trade and service networks are being created, with highly qualified specialists, experienced fields, etc. All this allows farmers to choose different options for growing grain and other products. The study shows that the choice of intensive technology options is significantly influenced by the price level in the grain market.

Issue № 11, November 2023, article № 11

The main directions of resource saving at food industry enterprises in the context of "Industry 4.0"

Changing the socio-economic structure requires an innovative approach to optimizing production processes. This aspect affects not only the reorientation of the strategy in technological approaches, but also the transformation of the ideological thinking of the personnel potential. The solution of multivariate models aimed at resource conservation and the choice of the most promising ones that allow a positive impact on production efficiency indicators comes to the fore. The implementation of these tasks is facilitated by the transportability of the digital space at all stages of production systems. The potential resource-saving opportunities in the transition to industry 4.0 are most clearly manifested in the industrial sector. Analytical studies conducted at food industry enterprises indicate the need to form a trajectory for the development of digitalization. The article presents the dynamics of the use of the average annual production capacity of organizations for the production of certain types of products. The composition of the resource potential of food industry enterprises has been determined. The balance of energy resources in food production is given. The stages of the evolutionary development of food industry enterprises are considered. Substantiation of the possibility of alternative use of resource saving and automation trend in the context of "Industry 4.0". The main elements of the new industrial model are presented.