ECONOMIC JUSTIFICATION OF DEVELOPMENT OF EXPORT-ORIENTED FLOUR-GRINDING PRODUCTION IN THE AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATIONS
Issue № 8, 2023, article № 9, pages 83-91
Section: Agro-industrial market
Original language title: ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ ОБОСНОВАНИЕ РАЗВИТИЯ ЭКСПОРТНО-ОРИЕНТИРОВАННОГО МУКОМОЛЬНОГО ПРОИЗВОДСТВА В СЕЛЬСКОХОЗЯЙСТВЕННЫХ ОРГАНИЗАЦИЯХ
Abstract: The comment of the achieved results of the course of agrarian policy of the country directed to increase in value terms of volumes of production of agriculture by 10 times, growth of its deliveries abroad by 16.5 times chosen at the beginning of the 2000th as the leadership of the Russian Federation is presented in article. It is noted that in commodity structure of export of food of Russia the primary share is occupied by cereals (30%), mostly wheat which harvests differ in record-breaking high rates now. However, the complete saturation of the domestic market with grain in conditions of instability of wholesale prices causes the problem of its implementation in the future. A rational exit from the developing problem situation seems in gradual leaving from raw model of agroexport to formation of industrial and technological type of functioning of economy of the state assuming modernization of processing industries, in particular in the sphere of its grain farm. In work it is noted that in the conditions of restructuring of the agrarian sphere of Russia the perspective direction of improvement of its production activity is education within the operating enterprises of the new shops and divisions necessary for implementation of further processing of ready raw materials. On the example of the branch market of the Saratov region it is established that among foreign consumers of goods of its agrarian and industrial complex products of a repier of cereal cultures are in demand. Proceeding from it, the approaches to target investment subsidizing of producers of wheat and a rye including granting budgetary appropriations (of 25%) on compensation of a part of the direct incurred costs of creation and modernization of objects of agrarian and industrial complex (purchase of machines and the equipment) for a complete set of shops on primary processing of grain in the large organizations of the region are offered. 14 economic entities of area, realization of the offered actions in which will allow to increase value of their cumulative net profit in general by 794 million rubles, were chosen as method of statistical group of data.