INTERNATIONAL MODELS OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
Issue № 10, 2022, article № 12, pages 100-109
Original language title: ЗАРУБЕЖНЫЕ МОДЕЛИ РАЗВИТИЯ ОРГАНИЧЕСКОГО СЕЛЬСКОГО ХОЗЯЙСТВА: СРАВНИТЕЛЬНЫЙ АНАЛИЗ
Abstract: The study is devoted to the study of foreign trade interaction between the main importing countries of organic food and the discussion of models for the development of organic agriculture in the EU, USA, and China. Scientific abstraction and the analogy method were used to group countries by export and import volumes, to characterize national models for the development of organic agriculture. Statistical methods were applied in the analysis of interaction between the EU, the USA, China and the main exporting countries in terms of volumes and types of organic products. The synthesis was used in the review of the regulations and strategies of importing countries of organic products, the study of the features of state regulation of national organic food markets. Models for the development of organic agriculture in the EU countries, the USA and China differ in a number of criteria. EU organic agriculture: 1) is oriented to the internal market, 2) receives significant financial support under the Common Agricultural Policy, 3) unites local farmers to participate in the development of rural areas. There is a gradual refusal to import types of products produced in the EU. U.S. organic agriculture: 1) domestically oriented, but increasing demand for organic food leads to increased imports, 2) uses a target-based approach as the main incentive policy tool, 3) is concentrated mainly in large organizations. Organic agriculture in China: 1) targeted at the US, Japan and EU market, 2) borrows the idea of organic agriculture initiated by the state, 3) is geared towards large producers or associations of small farmers. The generalization of experience in the development of organic agriculture is reflected in the set of criteria for comparing national models.
Authors: Galkin Denis Gennadevich