ORGANIZATIONAL MECHANISM, ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY AND PUBLIC PARITY OF FERTILITY REPRODUCTION AS THE BASIS OF FOOD SECURITY
Issue № 6, 2022, article № 4, pages 33-45
Section: Economic mechanism of managing
Original language title: ОРГАНИЗАЦИОННЫЙ МЕХАНИЗМ, ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКАЯ ЭФФЕКТИВНОСТЬ И ОБЩЕСТВЕННЫЙ ПАРИТЕТ ВОСПРОИЗВОДСТВА ПЛОДОРОДИЯ КАК ОСНОВА ПРОДОВОЛЬСТВЕННОЙ БЕЗОПАСНОСТИ
Abstract: The retrospective and transformation of the legislative framework of state regulation of ensuring the fertility of agricultural land is analyzed. There was a reduction in the share of participation in this process of the federal center and the transfer of responsibility and expenditure powers to regional authorities, with a limitation of the participation of municipalities. An assessment of the program method for implementing the main provisions of the federal legislation on measures to ensure the fertility of agricultural land is given. Serious shortcomings in the implementation of regional programs and the assessment of their economic efficiency are revealed on the example of the Saratov Regional Target Program for 2006-2010 and for the period up to 2012, which led to their replacement by separate activities in other federal and regional programs. Taking into account the importance of measures to ensure the reproduction of land fertility in the agricultural sector of the economy to guarantee the country's food security and the insufficiency of the measures currently taken, the authors propose for use the "Organizational and economic mechanism for managing the reproduction of fertility of agricultural land", which provides: the implementation by the authorities and agricultural organizations of certain basic conditions; state regulation; economic assessment of the activities performed. A serious drawback in the process of implementing measures to restore and maintain the level of soil fertility, and even more so to increase it, is the imperfection of methodological support for calculating the economic efficiency and social significance of these measures. It is not uncommon to assess the implementation of the planned measures, and not the real effect of their implementation in agricultural production. On this basis, it is proposed to use the developed criteria, including: the increase in land rent; tax and insurance burden and its potential; economic efficiency and socio-economic (social) parity.