MODERN MECHANISM FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS BASED ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF LOCAL INITIATIVES
Issue № 5, 2022, article № 11, pages 83-90
Section: Development of rural territories
Original language title: СОВРЕМЕННЫЙ МЕХАНИЗМ РАЗВИТИЯ СЕЛЬСКИХ ТЕРРИТОРИЙ НА ОСНОВЕ РЕАЛИЗАЦИИ МЕСТНЫХ ИНИЦИАТИВ
Abstract: For more than 200 years in our country, with varying frequency and effectiveness, the state has been trying to raise the level of development of rural areas, reducing the differences between urban and rural populations as much as possible. The purpose of the work is to study the existing mechanism of rural development. Currently, a program-targeted approach is mainly used for the development of rural areas. In the process of studying the opinions of scientists on the issue under study, the authors revealed that many of them emphasize the need to improve the mechanism of rural development. A number of scientists focus on the application of a differentiated approach to the development of rural areas. Within the framework of the study, the interrelation of the main normative legal acts regulating the development of rural territories was structured. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the state program "Integrated development of rural territories" implemented in the country, as well as the main directions and corresponding tools for the development of rural territories are considered. The first results of the state program "Integrated rural development" in the Novosibirsk region are analyzed. Taking into account the specifics of the financing of the program under consideration (co-financing by the municipality), the need to stimulate various kinds of local initiatives is highlighted. In this case, it seems appropriate to use civil society institutions (CBT, NGOs, and resource centers). As an example, the project of the foundation "Siberian Center for Support of Public Initiatives" is considered, implemented in order to increase the number of local initiatives and the involvement of residents in them. As a result, the authors came to the conclusion that only the joint efforts of the state, business and local initiatives will contribute to the development of rural areas.