PROBLEMS OF USING DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN AGRICULTURE AND POSSIBLE WAYS TO RESOLVE THEM (USING THE EXAMPLE OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS FEDERAL DISTRICT)
Issue № 10, 2021, article № 4, pages 40-46
Section: Digitalization in agrarian and industrial complex
Original language title: ПРОБЛЕМЫ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ ЦИФРОВЫХ ТЕХНОЛОГИЙ В СЕЛЬСКОМ ХОЗЯЙСТВЕ И ВОЗМОЖНЫЕ ПУТИ ИХ РАЗРЕШЕНИЯ (НА ПРИМЕРЕ СЕВЕРО-КАВКАЗСКОГО ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОГО ОКРУГА)
Keywords: TRAINING OF SPECIALISTS, SMALL-SCALE GOODS, REGION, DIGITALIZATION, CLUSTER FORMATIONS, AGRICULTURE
Abstract: The trends that are beginning to dominate the global economy are associated with the ubiquitous use of digital technology. Many countries hope to solve the problem of food supply of the population by using these technologies. The uniqueness and importance of such technologies lies in the fact that their use leads to fundamental shifts, since they affect the basic basis and areas of activity of not only direct participants in the production process, but also related ones, introducing cardinal transformations into their activities. In the agricultural production of most regions of the country (including the subjects of the investigated district), small forms of management are dominant, more than half of the products are produced by these formations. A feature of these types of management is their small commodity. In the looming conditions, the small-scale commodity model cannot be the main form of conducting agro-industrial production due to the fact that its carriers (in the form of existence) cannot single-handedly acquire and use digital technologies, because of their high cost and inaccessibility, as well as because of tougher competition. The main players are large producers and networkers in the external and internal markets of agri-food. The need to update the technological basis of the production process based on the use (implementation) of information and digital technologies will also play a role. To eliminate these problems and at the same time remain competitive, small businesses must unite and concentrate their resources to acquire the necessary technologies and confront threats. The task is to find an optimal solution that would preserve agricultural organizations, peasant (farmer) households, and households, but at the same time they would be reorganized. The article proposes various forms of institutional transformations that will allow small businesses to adapt to emerging conditions.
Authors: Batov Gumar KHasanovich, SHardan Saida Kemalovna, SHogenov Timur Mukhamedovich