METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE STUDY OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS
Issue № 10, 2020, article № 7, pages 76-94
Section: Development of rural territories
Original language title: МЕТОДОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ АСПЕКТЫ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ УСТОЙЧИВОГО РАЗВИТИЯ СЕЛЬСКИХ ТЕРРИТОРИЙ
Abstract: The beginning of the XXI century is marked by the purposeful political leadership of the Russian Federation on the development of rural territories, improving the level and quality of life of the rural population. So, in 2002, the federal target program "Social development of the village until 2010" was adopted and then extended until 2013. Its logical continuation was the Concept of Sustainable Development of Rural Territories of the Russian Federation for the Period until 2020, approved by Order of the Government of the Russian Federation dated November 30, 2010 No. 2136-r. According to the results of the implementation of the Concept, the Government of the Russian Federation in 2015 approved the "Strategy for the sustainable development of rural territories of the Russian Federation for the period until 2030 (hereinafter - the Strategy). The positive results of the socio-economic development of rural areas and agro-industrial complex were well known. It is also undeniable that they were achieved largely thanks to the activities carried out in the above-mentioned documents. At the same time, another thing is obvious: the number of poor villagers is slowly declining; There is still a significant gap in the disposable income and social and cultural facilities of residents of the city and the village; health services for the rural population remain very problematic; Food security doctrine thresholds have not been met for all agricultural products; increased interregional differentiation in production levels and economic efficiency; Methodological support for the implementation of the Strategy, including a system of sustainable rural development targets, remains debatable. In this regard, the authors tried: to reveal the essence of the concept of "sustainable development of rural areas"; To propose a system of indicators for the sustainable development of rural areas that adequately disclose the content of this concept and apply to territorial entities of any region; Consider the need for and possibility of modelling an integral indicator of sustainable rural development that clearly reflects this process in time and space.