SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL RENEWAL HORTICULTURE IS THE MAIN WAY TO INCREASE THE SUPPLY OF FRUIT TO THE POPULATION
Issue № 4, 2020, article № 5, pages 43-51
Section: Agro-industrial market
Original language title: НАУЧНО-ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКОЕ ОБНОВЛЕНИЕ САДОВОДСТВА - ОСНОВНОЙ ПУТЬ ПОВЫШЕНИЯ ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЯ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ ПЛОДОВОЙ ПРОДУКЦИЕЙ
Abstract: Taking into account the key role of the horticulture industry, in providing the population with the necessary vitaminized products, the issues of technical and technological renewal of the industry are currently being updated as the main factor in increasing its competitiveness and solving the problem of import substitution of fresh fruit crops and their processing products. The purpose of this study is to justify the early exit of the industry from the crisis to the trajectory of sustainable and high growth through the early introduction of new scientific achievements at all stages of the technological process of industrial horticulture. It is noted that at present the consumption of fruits per capita in our country is significantly smaller than in foreign countries. The article analyzed the dynamics of the main indicators of horticulture development in Russia for 2000-2018, showing a low rate of their growth. At the same time, in recent years, active work has been carried out to develop intensive horticulture, and regions - leaders in this direction - have also been identified. Regions of the Southern and North Caucasus federal districts account for the largest proportion of fruit produced. The experience of successful horticulture in Israel, a country deprived of all important resources for the industry, but showing good results achieved through the introduction of innovative technologies, is presented. The main challenges and promising areas for enhancing innovation in horticulture, including through private-public partnerships, were emerging.
Authors: Velibekova Luiza Alikovna