MEKHANIZM OF IMPROVING COMPETITIVENESS OF THE RUSSIAN GRAIN IN THE INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL MARKETS
Issue № 4, 2019, article № 8, pages 64-73
Section: Agro-industrial market
Original language title: МЕХАНИЗМ ПОВЫШЕНИЯ КОНКУРЕНТОСПОСОБНОСТИ РОССИЙСКОГО ЗЕРНА НА ВНУТРЕННЕМ И ВНЕШНЕМ РЫНКАХ
Abstract: The existing tendencies to decrease in profitability of grain production, unevenness of distribution of income between producers and intermediaries, strengthening of dependence of landowners on grain traders, a gap between the import and export prices of grain crops cause need of search of ways of increase in competitiveness of products in the internal and external markets. The authors analysed parameters of competitiveness of the Russian grain, problems of realization of competitive advantages in the world market are revealed. The comparative analysis of parameters of competitiveness of grain crops of Russia and other leading grain powers (the USA, Canada, the EU) is carried out. On the level of costs of production of grain crops under favourable weather conditions Russia has considerable competitive advantages in the world market. The minimum costs of application of fertilizers, low level of investments of restoration of fertility of soils, the underestimated amount of the rent for the earth, etc. are the main reasons for low prime cost of grain. For improving competitiveness of grain in the internal and external markets system development of all parameters of competitiveness of grain crops is offered: balancing of multidirectional economic interests of producers, support of competitive potential of the Russian grain market; realization of certain competitive advantages of the Russian grain in the world market.