EXPОRT AND IMPORT POTENTIAL OF THE FISH FARMING AND FISHING INDUSTRY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Issue № 10, 2023, article № 13, pages 102-111
Section: Agro-industrial market
Original language title: ЭКСПОРТНО-ИМПОРТНЫЙ ПОТЕНЦИАЛ ОТРАСЛИ РЫБОВОДСТВА И РЫБОЛОВСТВА РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ
Abstract: The article discusses the role of the fish farming and fish industry in ensuring the country's food security, which served as a theoretical prerequisite for developing a scientific vision of the problem of forming and improving the export-import potential of this industry in Russia. The purpose of the study was to identify the advantages of the export potential of Russian companies in the fishing industry and determine the conditions for the formation of fish imports to comply with the requirements of the country's food security. The study used the methods of the process approach and dialectical links in the development of the fish market to determine trends in supply and demand for fish products; based on the calculation of growth rates and time series, a downward trend in natural volumes of marketable fish was revealed with an increase in the money turnover of fish exports. The relevance of the study is due to the need to improve existing approaches to the implementation of the export-import potential of the country's fishery complex. The scientific novelty lies in the formation of scientific approaches to determining the export-import potential of the fish farming and fish industry, in accordance with which a forecast of the dynamics of exports and imports of fish is formed. The results of the study showed that the growth of fish exports in monetary terms depends on the growing consumer price index for Russian fish products, an increase in export customs duties and fees levied when cargo passes through the customs border. Additionally, the article analyzes export-oriented investment projects of fishing companies and develops a grouping of projects in the context of regional segmentation.