A MODEL OF THE MECHANISM FOR THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF AN EXPORT-ORIENTED CLUSTER OF A GRAIN-PRODUCT SUBCOMPLEX OF THE REGION
Issue № 9, 2023, article № 10, pages 92-106
Section: Agro-industrial market
Original language title: МОДЕЛЬ МЕХАНИЗМА ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ И РАЗВИТИЯ ЭКСПОРТНО-ОРИЕНТИРОВАННОГО КЛАСТЕРА ЗЕРНОПРОДУКТОВОГО ПОДКОМПЛЕКСА РЕГИОНА
Abstract: Strategic goals of development and efficiency growth of enterprises of grain-producing subcomplexes of regions, combined with the current situation of risk and uncertainty in the implementation of foreign economic activity related to the export of agricultural products, raise questions of the formation of flexible self-regulating integrated structures. Their tasks will be adequate timely response and adaptation to changing environmental conditions. The relevance of the study is due to the long-term stable level of grain surplus in certain subjects of the Volga economic region, the aim is to develop a conceptual model for the formation and development of an export-oriented cluster of grain subcomplex. The objects of the study were enterprises of the grain-product subcomplex of the Saratov Region: exporters of grain, flour and pasta, elevators (including water); centers for cluster development and export support in the Russian Federation (RF), importing countries. At the first stage, the potential possibility and practical expediency of creating a process transport and logistics cluster is justified from an organizational and economic point of view, at the second - an effective export mechanism is formed, at the third – mechanisms for building and improving, as well as approaches to evaluating the effectiveness. The conceptual model for the development of an organizational and economic mechanism for the formation and development of an export-oriented cluster of grain-product subcomplex in the region is presented as a system of comprehensive tripartite theoretical, methodological and regulatory studies on the feasibility of forming a highly integrated technological structure, building schemes and models of effective procedures for creating, improving and exporting marketable products. The approbation was carried out on the example of the Saratov region in the form of a detailed study and recommendations on the main components of the stages and blocks. The practical significance of the work lies in the use by the management bodies of the regional agro-industrial complex of the results of the study for further deepening of integration processes at various levels. The proposed approaches can be used to determine the effects of coordinated behavior of the subjects of the economic system in the formation of value chains. The author's idea seems to be universal and can be applied when building clusters in other subcomplexes of the national economy.