ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF PRIMARY PROCESSING OF FLAX AND PELLET PRODUCTION IN FARMS AND AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES
Issue № 7, 2023, article № 10, pages 94-98
Section: Agro-industrial market
Original language title: ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКАЯ ЭФФЕКТИВНОСТЬ ПЕРВИЧНОЙ ПЕРЕРАБОТКИ ЛЬНА-ДОЛГУНЦА И ПРОИЗВОДСТВА ПЕЛЛЕТ В ФЕРМЕРСКИХ ХОЗЯЙСТВАХ И СЕЛЬХОЗКООПЕРАТИВАХ
Abstract: Almost 50% of enterprises in Russia cultivating flax do not have acreage that allows them to effectively use classical equipment of normal dimensions for primary processing. For such enterprises with small acreage, a number of small-sized lines of technological equipment for the production of long and short flax fibers have been developed. The bonfire formed during processing is about 60% of the volume of flax, it is suitable for the production of fuel briquettes or pellets; this will make it possible to obtain chemically and biologically safe fuel. Given the large number of flax producers with small acreage, it became necessary to analyze the economic efficiency of the primary processing of flax trusts on small-sized equipment and the impact of the production of fuel pellets from bonfires on the financial result of the enterprise. The domestic small-sized equipment for the primary processing of flax-long-grain trusts into long and short fiber produced by FGBNU FNC LC, as well as a KG-0.6 mini granulation complex for the production of fuel pellets from bonfires, is considered and analyzed. It is established that the primary processing of flax on small-sized equipment in the conditions of farms and agricultural cooperatives is cost-effective regardless of the shift work of the enterprise. The production of fuel pellets from flax bark will increase the profitability of the enterprise by an average of 10%, significantly reducing the payback period of capital expenditures. It is established that increasing the shift work of the enterprise improves the financial result to a greater extent than the production of additional products in the form of pellets.