ANALYSIS OF THE SUPPLY ON THE MARKET OF PIG PRODUCTION IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE REPRODUCTION PROCESS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE IRKUTSK REGION)
Issue № 4, 2023, article № 6, pages 50-59
Section: Agro-industrial market
Original language title: АНАЛИЗ ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ НА РЫНКЕ ПРОДУКЦИИ СВИНОВОДСТВА В УСЛОВИЯХ ВОСПРОИЗВОДСТВЕННОГО ПРОЦЕССА (НА ПРИМЕРЕ ИРКУТСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ)
Abstract: The stability of the supply in any food market, including the market of pig products, is the key to ensuring the food security of the region, solving the priority tasks of the state in the field of import substitution and supplying the population with high-quality food. To analyze the formation of the supply of pig products on the market in the conditions of the reproductive process, a system of indicators based on typical differences in reproduction is proposed. This technique allows us to assess the level of supply on the market, the fullness of the market with products of our own production, to identify opportunities for growth in production volumes. In the Irkutsk region, the supply of pig products of its own production on the market is limited, since local agricultural organizations do not produce enough products to achieve the level of food security enshrined in the Doctrine and in comparison with the actual level of consumption of pig products. At the same time, there is a steady increase in pork production in the region. The main producers in the region are agricultural organizations and households of the population. Over time, the share of households of the population as producers is gradually decreasing. Small and medium-sized producers need to provide breeding animals to increase their own pork production, as well as to improve the feed base. The bulk of enterprises and organizations producing pork are small, mostly unprofitable entities. Only one enterprise is engaged in large–scale industrial production of pig products - Usolsky Pig Complex, which has advanced technologies and equipment for pork production and is a leader among local producers, produces more than 55% of all pig products in the region. The regional market of pig products has significant potential for its further development. The joint work of producers and administrative structures will make the market of pig products more accessible to buyers and more attractive to producers.