PROSPECTS FOR DEVELOPMENT TODAY'S GRAIN EXPORTS
Issue № 1, 2023, article № 7, pages 67-78
Section: Agro-industrial market
Original language title: ПЕРСПЕКТИВНЫЕ НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ РАЗВИТИЯ ЭКСПОРТА ЗЕРНОВЫХ НА СОВРЕМЕННОМ ЭТАПЕ
Abstract: The article deals with the development of exports of agricultural raw materials and foodstuffs. The authors emphasize that in the context of achieving self-sufficiency indicators for various types of food, increasing exports is a necessary condition for the effective and balanced development of specific sub-sectors of the agro-industrial complex. At the same time, in modern conditions, it is important not only to create a new commercial mass of agro-food products, but also to eliminate trade barriers and form an effective system for promoting products to foreign markets. An important problem of increasing the export of domestic products is to increase its competitiveness. Assessment of the competitiveness of cereals, based on the analysis of a system of indicators: the volume of exports of products and the share occupied by domestic export products in the world market; export prices for agricultural raw materials and foodstuffs, both in Russia and in its main exporting countries; coefficient of revealed comparative advantage, revealed that wheat and barley currently have competitive advantages, both in terms of price factors and in terms of volumes of products exported to the world market. At the same time, the reserves of its competitiveness have been largely exhausted, which necessitates an increase in the efficiency of production and logistics, as well as state support for the industry. In order to determine the prospects for the development of domestic grain exports, the volumes of their supplies to the main importing countries were studied with the identification of our main competitors in these markets. On this basis, priority directions for the development of exports of domestic products of the agro-industrial complex are substantiated, taking into account the current geopolitical situation.