ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF CROSS-SECTORAL EXTERNALITIES BETWEEN THE NUCLEAR INDUSTRY AND AGRICULTURE
Issue № 1, 2023, article № 5, pages 48-53
Section: Economic mechanism of managing
Original language title: ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКАЯ ОЦЕНКА МЕЖСЕКТОРАЛЬНЫХ ЭФФЕКТОВ МЕЖДУ АТОМНО-ПРОМЫШЛЕННЫМ КОМПЛЕКСОМ И СЕЛЬСКИМ ХОЗЯЙСТВОМ
Abstract: The paper presents an economic assessment of the negative external effect of the nuclear-industrial complex on agriculture on the example of the consequences of radioactive contamination of the Bryansk region caused by the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986. Based on the results of the assessment, it was found that the greatest negative impact is on the production of feed products. The calculated damage from radioactive contamination of green mass, haylage, silage and hay amounted to about 280.8 million roubles for all agricultural enterprises of the Bryansk region in 2022. The profitability of applying phosphorus-potassium fertilizers is also determined - one of the agrochemical methods to reduce the radiation activity of soils and crop products. It has been established that the profit from the increase in crop production as a result of the application of mineral fertilizers is 170.7 million roubles.