RESOURCE FACTORS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN RUSSIA IN THE CONTEXT OF NEW GLOBAL CHALLENGES
Issue № 11, 2022, article № 1, pages 3-9
Original language title: РЕСУРСНЫЕ ФАКТОРЫ УСТОЙЧИВОГО РАЗВИТИЯ АГРАРНОГО ПРОИЗВОДСТВА РОССИИ В УСЛОВИЯХ НОВЫХ ГЛОБАЛЬНЫХ ВЫЗОВОВ
Abstract: The sustainable development within the framework of UN documents and Russian strategies is associated with economic growth and ensuring food security. Emphasis is placed on resource factors, since one of the most pressing problems of the modern development of agricultural production is its high import dependence on the supply of basic production resources. The main challenges for Russian agricultural production in the context of global socio-economic and political changes are summarized. The factors of sustainable development of agricultural production in Russia, associated with increasing efficiency, import substitution in the resource sector and increasing the export potential for agricultural products, are presented. The solution to the problem of overcoming the import resource dependence of domestic agricultural production is proposed to be differentiated depending on the current level of use of imported resources, the possibility of increasing domestic production of similar goods, and maintaining complementary imports. The adaptation of global indicators of sustainable development to the conditions of agricultural production in Russia has been carried out. The degree of structural changes in the sectoral, production and resource sphere of the agricultural industry is calculated. Based on the calculations, a conclusion was made, on the one hand, about the stability of production ratios by sectoral complexes and categories of farms, as well as in the resource provision of the agricultural sector; on the other hand, about the need for structural shifts in favour of an increase in the share of resource costs that ensure innovative development. The main directions of the strategy for implementing the sustainable development of Russian agricultural production and its resource potential in the face of new global challenges have been developed.
Authors: Potapov Andrei Pavlovich