STATE AND STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRI-FOOD AND EXPORT POLICY OF RUSSIA
Issue № 10, 2022, article № 1, pages 3-21
Original language title: СОСТОЯНИЕ И СТРАТЕГИЧЕСКИЕ НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ РАЗВИТИЯ АГРОПРОДОВОЛЬСТВЕННОЙ И ЭКСПОРТНОЙ ПОЛИТИКИ РОССИИ
Abstract: The article presents an analysis of the dynamics and trends in the production of the main types of agricultural products since the beginning of the sanctions pressure on the Russian economy. Despite the fact that the agricultural sector of the Russian economy has significant potential, but due to the insufficiently effective use of resources, innovations and investments, it is not fully implemented. At the same time, in modern conditions, agri-food policy in conjunction with the export component should ensure the consumption of food by the population according to rational standards and the implementation of an export-oriented model for the development of the economy, which in turn should be aimed at the implementation of the export of food of medium and high redistributions to friendly countries. The paper contains analytical material indicating the need to increase the production of agricultural products for domestic consumption, which requires, first of all, a change in the course of the innovation and investment policy pursued by the state - the development of new measures and an increase in the volume of state support for agriculture. The presented results allow us to conclude that the implemented state agricultural policy is quite effective in the crop industry, but does not contribute to a significant increase in the production of livestock products, which in turn characterizes the agricultural sector of the economy as a raw material sector that is not able to receive high value-added products in the current conditions due to lack of investment and domestic innovations. The analysis of the dynamics of agricultural exports confirmed the conclusion of an ill-conceived export policy aimed primarily at the export of agricultural raw materials, which damages the country's economy. This requires a review of export incentive tools for agricultural and processing businesses.