METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH TO ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE RURAL POPULATION
Issue № 6, 2022, article № 10, pages 90-97
Section: Development of rural territories
Original language title: МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЙ ПОДХОД К ОЦЕНКЕ КАЧЕСТВА ЖИЗНИ СЕЛЬСКОГО НАСЕЛЕНИЯ
Abstract: The article deals with the category of life quality of the rural population and the ways to assess it. It is shown that there is no clear definition of the concept and the structure of the life quality of the rural population. The definition of the concept " life quality of the rural population" in the context of modern socio-economic conditions is given by the authors. Namely, the quality of life is an integral socio-economic category, reflecting both a set of living conditions that make it possible to meet the needs (material, cultural, spiritual, etc.) of the population and its reproduction, and a subjective assessment of the satisfaction of these needs. A scheme of indicators of the life quality of the rural population is proposed. A technique for assessing the life quality of the rural population is developed. It includes the grouping of the statistical indicators into five blocks: demographic, economic, labour, infrastructural and environmental. The methodology for assessing the quality of life involves four stages. They are: search and primary selection of statistical indicators; standardization; calculation of partial indices for each group of indicators mentioned above; calculation of the integral index of the life quality of the rural population. Basing on the technique proposed the quality of life of the rural population of the regions of the Siberian Federal District was assessed. For each region, strengths and weaknesses in terms of life quality are identified, and possible development paths are proposed. The authors recommend using the proposed technique in development of regional and departmental programs in order to increase their social effectiveness.