COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER MODELS WITH DETERMINATION OF PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY
Issue № 4, 2022, article № 6, pages 35-42
Original language title: КОМПАРАТИВНАЯ ОЦЕНКА МОДЕЛЕЙ ТРАНСФЕРА ТЕХНОЛОГИЙ С ОПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕМ ПЕРСПЕКТИВ РАЗВИТИЯ ЦИФРОВОЙ ЭКОНОМИКИ
Abstract: The theoretical basis of the study is the study of existing developed models of technological transfer, principles and methods of knowledge management in an innovative economy, foreign experience in the formation of a cluster mechanism. In the article, the authors made a comparative assessment of technology transfer models based on public-private partnership and the creation of clusters in the agricultural industry. Common indicators specific to the transfer models under consideration and indicators specific to each were identified. The peculiarities of model formation are determined and practical feasibility of technology transfer model based on cluster creation is justified (agricultural holding ROS AGRO PLC is investigated as an example). Agro holding entities were identified with clarification of activities. Indicators of cluster development of the Russian Federation for 2017-2019 were investigated, namely, the share of internal investments, the share of budgetary and extra budgetary sources of financing and the budget implemented by participants in cluster entities. Problems with the functioning of the models under consideration have been identified. For the technology transfer model based on the creation of scientific and production clusters, this is the underdevelopment of the institutional and innovative environment, the lack of mechanisms to stimulate cooperation among the model entities. For the model of technology transfer based on public-private partnership - economic and financial limitations of private partners and the state. The prospects for the development of the digital agricultural economy are indicated: the creation of a favourable innovative and institutional environment, the maintenance of domestic food security on the basis of the unhindered promotion of agricultural products from producer to consumer, the possibility of accumulating indicators of the development of digital agriculture with the provision of the result of monitoring to the entities of the transfer mechanism.