ESTABLISHMENT OF A FUNCTIONAL MECHANISM WITHIN THE SYSTEM OF INTEGRATION OF AGRICULTURAL, PROCESSING AND MARKETING ENTERPRISES
Issue № 3, 2022, article № 4, pages 40-49
Section: Economic mechanism of managing
Original language title: ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ ФУНКЦИОНАЛЬНОГО МЕХАНИЗМА В РАМКАХ СИСТЕМНОЙ ИНТЕГРАЦИИ СЕЛЬСКОХОЗЯЙСТВЕННЫХ, ПЕРЕРАБАТЫВАЮЩИХ И СБЫТОВЫХ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЙ
Abstract: System integration can be one of the cost-effective tools to increase the competitiveness of the regional agro-industrial complex. However, the corresponding mechanisms of transformation of functions and processes for the objects of the agricultural sector belong to the category of high complexity and are insufficiently represented in scientific and practical aspects. The tasks of system integration of the association of a group of enterprises of different specialization are new and require conceptual justification and identification of key directions and principles. The aim of the work is to develop a methodological approach to the construction of mechanisms for the system integration of agricultural, processing and marketing enterprises in the region and the formation of a functional mechanism within it. The proposed approach complies with GOST R ISO 19439-2008 "Enterprise integration. Fundamentals of Enterprise modeling", based on the principles of a systematic approach, reflects the nature of enterprises and their economic mechanism using four standard representations of the model. The idea is based on the ordering of the elements of the functional, informational, organizational and resource subsystems of the association of economic agents and the construction of relationships between them. The presented analysis of the financial indicators of the research objects of the bread subcomplex, partially interacting on integration principles, indicates an increase in the values of the coefficients of autonomy, the manoeuvrability of equity and a decrease in accounts receivable. Nevertheless, a number of characteristics (lack of working capital, reduced profitability of sales, etc.) do not correspond to the expected, and it is possible to improve the situation and neutralize their negative impact on the results by deepening integration ties based on the introduction of digital farming systems. The structure and working mechanism of the functional subsystem of the integration association have been developed through the procedure of ordering functional, production, management and other processes organized into a hierarchical structure detailing the system transformations of the internal environment of individual enterprises, intermediate connecting and joint combined levels based on digitalization, automation and intelligent information systems.
Authors: Leksina Anna Aleksandrovna