RURAL TERRITORIES: STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY
Issue № 1, 2022, article № 10, pages 78-84
Section: Development of rural territories
Original language title: СЕЛЬСКИЕ ТЕРРИТОРИИ: СТРАТЕГИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ И УСТОЙЧИВОСТЬ
Abstract: Sustainability of rural development is a priority of economic policy for many countries of the world, but it is not always achieved. One of the reasons is the imperfection of the theoretical understanding of the sustainable development of rural areas, which is reflected in the concepts related to this area of economic policy of the state. The analysis of various definitions of rural territories is carried out; it is shown that it would be most reasonable to understand them as "open" systems, the development of which is influenced by many factors, including external ones. Rural territories are included in the economy of the region, which affects the sustainability of their development, including the outflow of rural population to cities, slowing down the development of the rural economy. A feature of rural areas is also the diversity of their economy, depending on natural conditions and other factors. Taking into account the analysis of various approaches to determining the sustainability of rural development, the conclusion is made about the most reasonable understanding of it in relation to the ability to achieve long-term targets of socio-economic and environmental development, taking into account external conditions. This can be achieved only through transformations taking into account external conditions that ensure the achievement of a significant result for local communities. Since sustainability in rural development is achieved, among other things, by regional support, the properties of openness, exposure to external factors, economic diversification, as well as the proposed understanding of sustainability should be taken into account when developing long-term rural development programs.