TO THE QUESTION OF THE FORMATION AND REGULATION OF PRICES IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX
Issue № 12, 2021, article № 5, pages 44-52
Section: Economic mechanism of managing
Original language title: К ВОПРОСУ О ФОРМИРОВАНИИ И РЕГУЛИРОВАНИИ ЦЕН В АПК
Keywords: PRICES FOR SOCIALLY SIGNIFICANT GOODS, STATE REGULATION OF PRICES, STRUCTURE OF RETAIL PRICES, PRICE DYNAMICS IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX AND IN THE FOOD MARKET, SUPPLY AND DEMAND, PRICE FUNCTIONS, COST, PRICES, PRICE RELATIONS
Abstract: The article is devoted to the problems of formation and regulation of prices and price relations in the agro-industrial complex and on the food market. The article notes that in modern conditions, pricing is based on cost and market approaches. The authors revealed a significant dynamics of growth in the cost of agricultural products, which is reflected in the increase in sales prices. At the same time, the rise in prices in agriculture in recent years has been significantly less than in other areas of the agro-industrial complex and on the consumer market. The authors analyzed the institutional environment for the regulation of prices and price relations, which showed that only a few measures are used to regulate prices in the agro-industrial complex. In this regard, the President of Russia has instructed to ensure the development of long-term market mechanisms that guarantee the predictability of prices for goods, saturation of the domestic market with quality products. The authors emphasize that the optimization of price relations in the agro-industrial complex consists of a set of measures to regulate the price ratios between resource-supplying industries and agriculture, the food industry and trade in the domestic and foreign markets. On this basis, the authors have developed a comprehensive system of measures aimed at stabilizing the price situation in the agri-food market in Russia. In particular, it is proposed to introduce stricter regulation of prices for socially significant food products (setting maximum wholesale and retail mark-ups, mark-ups of importers), as well as expand the list of such goods. The article also notes that significant increase in food prices, along with a decrease in real incomes of the population, can lead to an increase in socio-economic tension. Therefore, the stabilization of the price situation in the agri-food market is impossible without ensuring effective demand, i.e. raising the standard of living of the population, especially its socially unprotected population.