WAYS OF GARDENING DEVELOPMENT IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS
Issue № 11, 2021, article № 9, pages 70-80
Section: Agro-industrial market
Original language title: ПУТИ РАЗВИТИЯ САДОВОДСТВА НА СЕВЕРНОМ КАВКАЗЕ
Abstract: The article deals with the development of industrial horticulture in the North Caucasus, where, due to favourable natural and climatic conditions, the industry is of key importance for agriculture. The features of the current state of horticulture are noted: high dynamic rate of development, wide introduction of advanced technologies, and implementation of large innovation and investment projects. In 2015-2020, the total area of fruit and berry plantations increased by 12.3%, in the fruiting age – by 8.1%, and the volume of fruit and berry production increased by 74.3%. It is established that almost all the subjects included in the analyzed region are leaders in Russia in terms of gross collections and laying areas, and intensive gardening is highlighted here as a priority direction. It is established that in some regions, personal subsidiary farms still play an important role in production. The strategic directions determining the economic positions of horticulture are noted: state support, improvement of the qualifications of industry workers, introduction of advanced practices and cultivation technologies, development of breeding and nursery centers, development of market infrastructure. The obtained research results can be used to develop a program for the development of horticulture in the North Caucasus.
Authors: Velibekova Luiza Alikovna