DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL TERRITORIES IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE FORMATION OF THE AGGLOMERATION SYSTEM: REGIONAL ASPECT
Issue № 9, 2021, article № 10, pages 88-94
Section: Development of rural territories
Original language title: РАЗВИТИЕ СЕЛЬСКИХ ТЕРРИТОРИЙ В УСЛОВИЯХ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ АГЛОМЕРАЦИОННОЙ СИСТЕМЫ: РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫЙ АСПЕКТ
Keywords: RURAL DEVELOPMENT, COAL MINING INDUSTRY, RURAL POPULATION, AGGLOMERATION SYSTEM OF RURAL AGGLOMERATION, AGGLOMERATION EFFECT
Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of problems of development of rural territories of the region in conditions of formation of agglomeration system. It was revealed that the intensive development of the coal mining industry is accompanied by negative environmental consequences associated with the impact on the socio-economic development and quality of life of the population of the region. The rural territories of the Russian Federation are its strategic resource, however, the lack of opportunity to satisfy its urgent needs, the difficult living conditions of the rural population, the isolation of rural settlements from scientific and technological achievements, the poor development of transport infrastructure and communications do not allow realizing their potential. Analyzing the decisions taken in recent years by the Government of the Russian Federation regulating the development of rural territories and the agro-industrial complex, we can conclude that the ideas on which the construction of state regulation of the agrarian industry is carried out have acquired a new qualitative approach. At the same time, the financial situation of the predominant part of the rural population does not allow the use of a system of mortgage lending for housing construction. The level of improvement of the rural housing stock is 2-3 times lower than the urban one. Coal mining entails a violation of land plots that are not subject to further use. It is accompanied by a high incidence of respiratory organs, oncological diseases that tend to grow. The resources allocated for the development of the social sphere do not significantly improve the living conditions of the rural population, expand the availability of social services and their quality to villagers. To solve the identified problems, it is proposed to create rural agglomerations.
Authors: KHaritonov Aleksei Viktorovich, Merkurev Vladimir Vladimirovich, IUrzina Tatiana Aleksandrovna, Kosinskii Petr Dmitrievich