SOCIO-ECONOMIC MONITORING OF THE RURAL TERRITORIES DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN: THE CURRENT STATE AND DIRECTIONS OF IMPROVEMENT
Issue № 7, 2021, article № 10, pages 82-87
Section: Development of rural territories
Original language title: СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЙ МОНИТОРИНГ РАЗВИТИЯ СЕЛЬСКИХ ТЕРРИТОРИЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ БАШКОРТОСТАН: СОВРЕМЕННОЕ СОСТОЯНИЕ И НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ СОВЕРШЕНСТВОВАНИЯ
Keywords: RURAL ECONOMY, MONITORING, INDICATORS, AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX, DIVERSIFICATION, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ETHNO-ENTREPRENEURSHIP, ETHNO-TOURISM, MUNICIPAL DISTRICT, REGION, SUB-REGION, REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN
Abstract: Currently, the development of rural areas is one of the priorities of the modern policy of the Government of the Russian Federation. In 2003-2013, the federal target program "Social development of rural areas" was implemented, in 2014-2017 – the departmental program "Sustainable development of rural areas for the years and for the period up to 2020" . On June 4, 2019, a new state program "Integrated development of rural areas for 2020-2025" was approved. In accordance with this and other federal programs, programs for the development of rural areas are also being developed at the level of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. In the Republic of Bashkortostan, the state program "Integrated Development of Rural Territories of the Republic of Bashkortostan" (as amended on December 8, 2020) was approved by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Bashkortostan No. 728 of December 12, 2019. Two programs have also been developed for the development of depressed rural south-and north-eastern regions of the republic. However, the effectiveness of these programs due to both objective and subjective reasons leaves much to be desired. This is one of the reasons for their prolongation initially until 2020, and now-until 2024. The authors recommend that for a more detailed and realistic analysis of the socio-economic situation in rural areas and to improve the effectiveness of program measures, the system of regional and municipal monitoring of rural areas should be improved by using, along with the data of state censuses, statistics, enterprise reports, the results of regularly recommended sociological studies and surveys of managers, employees of agricultural enterprises, farmers, and the rural population. As a result of the study, the authors substantiate the feasibility of creating a Center for Agricultural Research and Monitoring of Sustainable Rural Development in the Republic of Bashkortostan for purposeful work on the development and adjustment of regional and municipal programs for the socio-economic development of modern rural areas.