EXPERIENCE AND PROSPECTS OF FORMATION OF AGRO-INDUSTRIAL CLUSTERS IN SIBERIA
Issue № 7, 2021, article № 3, pages 17-27
Section: Economic mechanism of managing
Original language title: ОПЫТ И ПЕРСПЕКТИВЫ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ АГРОПРОМЫШЛЕННЫХ КЛАСТЕРОВ В СИБИРИ
Keywords: AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX, AGRO-INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER, RELATIONSHIPS, INNOVATIONS, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES, SCIENTIFIC-TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENT, ORGANIC AND ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY PRODUCTS, DIGITALIZATION
Abstract: The article is devoted to the necessity and possibility of forming agro-industrial clusters, the main directions of their development in order to increase the efficiency of agro-industrial production, its modernization based on the introduction of modern scientific and technical achievements, digitalization and strengthening of relations both within the agro-industrial complex and with other sectors and spheres of the economy, state structures and other interested participants in technical-technological, production-agricultural, financial-economics and other areas of interaction. Based on the fact that all foreign and domestic experience of the cluster approach to the development of agro-industrial complex has shown its effectiveness, the authors studied the experience of forming agro-industrial clusters in the regions of Siberia, identified their shortcomings and considered the prospects for development. The results of the study showed that agro-industrial clusters are being created in each region of the Siberian Federal District, but this experience is not successful everywhere. The system of relationships between cluster participants has not been worked out, long-term technological connections have not been established, the possibilities of modern information technologies are not used enough, etc. Studies have also shown that, taking into account the peculiarities of the Siberian regions, their location and others, there are favourable opportunities for the cluster development of the agro-industrial complex, the formation of innovative and specialized industry clusters at the regional, interregional, inter-municipal and interstate levels, as well as multi-industry clusters at the local level. The authors propose the main directions of development of agro-industrial clusters in the regions of the Siberian Federal District, including for the production of environmentally friendly products, strengthening relationships between cluster participants, innovative development of production, taking into account the possibilities of modern information technologies and digitalization of the agro-industrial complex.