STATE SUPPORT FORMS FOR MILK PRODUCERS AND THEIR EFFECTIVENESS FOR THE INDUSTRY’S DEVELOPMENT
Issue № 5, 2021, article № 7, pages 57-67
Section: Agro-industrial market
Original language title: ФОРМЫ ГОСПОДДЕРЖКИ ПРОИЗВОДИТЕЛЕЙ МОЛОКА И ИХ ЭФФЕКТИВНОСТЬ ДЛЯ РАЗВИТИЯ ОТРАСЛИ
Abstract: This paper analyzes the current forms of state support for dairy producers in Russia.The issues of industry support are considered not only from the perspective of budgetary transfers, but also the benefits received by producers as a result of the ongoing customs and tariff policy. Using the methodology of the OECD and the World Bank, the amounts and ratios of support in the form of budget transfers and market price support for the period 1995-2020 were determined.The positive effects for the dairy industry from measures related to protection against imports are exhausted, which determines the increasing urgency of increasing the effectiveness of the budget component of support.For budgetary support, the structure is presented in terms of funding sources, types of subsidies, and regions.By types of subsidies, the following indicators have been evaluated: the degree of coverage and even distribution across regions and recipients in connection with key target indicators.Significant disproportions were identified in the distribution of concessional investment credits and subsidies in the form of investment co-financing by regions and individual recipients in relation to the new or reconstructed livestock places created by them.Measures to support small forms of farming, including regional initiatives to support household plots were considered.Cross-country comparisons present measures of support for milk producers used by the leading exporting countries.Recommendations for the authorities are given to adjust the system of industry support and to expand the evaluated indicators when analyzing the effectiveness of certain forms of support.