DIGITALIZATION OF GROWTH: THE FUTURE OF RUSSIAN AGRICULTURE IN INDUSTRY 4.0
Issue № 5, 2021, article № 3, pages 25-37
Original language title: ЦИФРОВИЗАЦИЯ РОСТА: БУДУЩЕЕ СЕЛЬСКОГО ХОЗЯЙСТВА РОССИИ В ИНДУСТРИИ 4.0
Abstract: The relevance of the research topic is due to the strategic importance of increasing the productivity of the agro-industrial complex in Russia to ensure national food security and the implementation of the policy of import substitution of food products, as well as to overcome the technological gap in comparison with the world leaders in agribusiness and the fastest exit to stable intensive growth. Currently, a significant technological gap has formed in the agro-industrial complex of the Russian Federation in terms of ensuring the smart growth of agribusiness based on digital technologies and solutions, which negatively affects its production, export potential and financial condition. The purpose of the study is to study the mechanism of incorporation of the organizational and technological paradigm of Industry 4.0 into the agro-industrial complex of the Russian Federation and to assess the potential of digitalization to ensure smart growth of the industry. In preparing the study, general scientific and philosophical methods of cognition were used, as well as special economic methods based on them. To study the process of incorporation of the organizational and technological paradigm of Industry 4.0, problem-chronological and historical-genetic methods of scientific cognition were used. Methods of analysis and generalization, induction and deduction were used to systematize approaches to the digital economy and assess its impact on the agro-industrial complex. To consider the practical aspects of the application of digital technologies in the field of the agro-industrial complex, SWOT and PEST-analysis methods, as well as expert methods, were used. The validity and reliability of the results of scientific research is achieved due to the correct construction of the research logic. As a methodological basis for the study, we used the scientific and practical works of Russian and foreign scientists in the development of agricultural business, digital economy, public administration in the agricultural sector. Results and key conclusions: Based on the results of the scientific study, it was concluded that the digitalization of the agro-industrial complex in the Russian Federation is proceeding along its own, peculiar path. This is expressed in the fact that the dominant administrative signals and levers of influence are implemented through the Digital Agriculture program, and the strategic goals of digital reform of the agro-industrial complex is the need to overcome technological backwardness and improve the efficiency of business processes in the production and processing of agricultural products, and reducing import dependence on a number of product positions. The main goal of digitalization of the agro-industrial complex in Russia should be a multifunctional virtual marketplace, which includes four platforms for the implementation of specific stakeholder interest groups: Digital Agriculture, Agro Solutions, Competence Center; Experimental digital farms. The main problem points of digitalization of the agro-industrial complex are the lack of funding for projects for digitalization of business processes in agribusiness; shortage of personnel with digital competencies for work in the agro-industrial complex and internal resistance of personnel to digital reforms. Of greatest interest in the development of digital technologies are: UAV complexes and low-orbit satellites for monitoring the state of farmland; the concept of IoT networks for managing agricultural machinery and its autonomous operation; sowing and harvesting robotics tools.