RURAL POVERTY AS A FACTOR LIMITING THE INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX
Issue № 3, 2021, article № 9, pages 77-84
Section: Development of rural territories
Original language title: СЕЛЬСКАЯ БЕДНОСТЬ КАК ФАКТОР, СДЕРЖИВАЮЩИЙ ИННОВАЦИОННОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ АПК
Keywords: INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ECONOMY, LIVING WAGE, THE LEVEL OF RURAL POVERTY, SMALL BUSINESSES, CONCESSIONAL LENDING, TARGETED SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
Abstract: In the article, the difficulties in meeting the strategic guidelines for innovative agricultural development, recorded in a number of State programmes, were explained by the insufficient consideration of the social component of the factors of innovative development of the agro-industrial complex and the high level of poverty of the rural population. The timeliness of consideration of these factors is dictated by the strategic task set by the President of Russia to reduce poverty in the country. By presidential decree, overcoming poverty is recognized as one of the main social problems of Russia. The first in the list of national goals is: preservation of the population, health and well-being of people. One of the main criteria for achieving this is to reduce poverty by half by 2030 compared to 2017. The aim of the presented study is to update the preservation of the population in rural areas, determine the level of rural poverty, identify the peculiarities of the impact of social problems of the village on the innovative potential of the regions, and evaluate the role of state participation in the processes under consideration. Based on the information of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, logical and statistical analysis and synthesis of data was carried out, the poverty level among rural residents in the regions of Russia was calculated, which in the whole country reaches 25.4‰. An assessment of the level of organizational and methodological development of the mechanisms for the implementation of some documents that affect the reduction of the poor among the rural population and the transition of agriculture to an innovative development path was given. Measures are proposed to reduce rural poverty as an essential condition for the modernization of the rural economy and the transition to innovative development of agribusiness.
Authors: Basareva Vera Gavriilovna