A ROLE OF RUSSIA IN ENSURING FOOD SECURITY OF THE COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL ASIA
Issue № 7, 2019, article № 9, pages 84-94
Original language title: РОЛЬ РОССИИ В ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИИ ПРОДОВОЛЬСТВЕННОЙ БЕЗОПАСНОСТИ СТРАН ЦЕНТРАЛЬНОЙ АЗИИ
Keywords: FOOD SECURITY, CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AGRI-FOOD PRODUCTS, MEANS OF PRODUCTION, BALASSA INDEX, INVESTMENTS, OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE, REMITTANCES OF LABOUR MIGRANTS
Abstract: The article analyzes the main factors of Russia's influence on the food security of some Central Asian countries, which include: the attractiveness of the Russian agri-food market in terms of sales; the critical dependence of the region's countries on imports of Russian agri-food products; Russia's leading position in the supply of individual resources and means of production for agriculture; investment cooperation; employment of labour migrants; providing countries of the region with official development assistance. Thus, the presence in Russia of attractive markets for agro-food products such as fruits, vegetables and roots, berries and nuts, allows many countries of Central Asia to realize their competitive advantages and ensure the viability of rural areas due to income from the supply of agricultural products. Many Central Asian countries are heavily dependent on imports of agri-food products, especially bread, pasta, flour confectionery, chocolate, supplied from Russia. Russia is a leader in the supply to Central Asian countries of many types of resources and means of production used in agriculture: breeding chickens and horses, veterinary vaccines, premixes, disinfectants, means for rodent control. With the participation of Russian capital, large-scale projects are being implemented to develop infrastructure, energy, industry and agriculture in Central Asia. Remittances of labour migrants from Central Asian countries located on the territory of Russia largely ensure food security at the household level, increasing the well-being of their family members, contributing to an increase in their income level and improving the economic availability of food. Special attention should be paid to the role of Russia as a donor of financial and other resources for the countries of Central Asia.