DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIONS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF AGRARIAN POLICY OF RUSSIA
Issue № 5, 2019, article № 2, pages 22-31
Original language title: РАЗВИТИЕ ИННОВАЦИЙ – ВАЖНЕЙШАЯ СОСТАВЛЯЮЩАЯ АГРАРНОЙ ПОЛИТИКИ РОССИИ
Keywords: AGRICULTURE, AIC, AGRICULTURAL POLICY, INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX, DOMESTIC EXPENDITURES FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, GRANT SUPPORT FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, HIGHLY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL
Abstract: The study presents four main problems hindering the development and implementation of domestic innovations in agricultural production. The factors and trends that do not contribute to the efficient and advanced development of the agrarian economy in terms of its innovative development are identified. The necessity of increasing domestic expenditures on research in agriculture by 5-7 times is substantiated. The negative trends in the reproduction of scientific personnel revealed. There is a lack of financial motives for work in the scientific sphere, the ineffective work of the system of postgraduate and doctoral studies. The inconsistency of the impact of grant support on the level of research funding, which is not more than 6.2‰ in internal research expenditures, has been proved. To solve the problem of innovation activity of economic entities, it is necessary to develop a targeted agrarian innovation policy, defining goals, objectives and mechanisms for its implementation, taking into account the priorities identified by the President and the Government of the Russian Federation, as well as foreign experience.